Tuesday, January 14, 2014

First American Women

Time has a way of blurring events and shoving them to the back. We forget where we once had been and how we got to where we are today.  On the backs of others, our freedoms and choices were won. Here's a partial list of American women firsts whose small and large steps brought us to what we take for granted.

Anne Catherine Hoof Green takes over her late husband's printing and newspaper business, becoming the first American woman to run a print shop. The following year she is named the official printer for the colony of Maryland.

Anne Parrish establishes, in Philadelphia, the House of Industry, the first charitable organization for women in America.

Mary Kies becomes the first woman to receive a patent, for a method of weaving straw with silk.

Elizabeth Blackwell receives her M.D. degree from the Medical Institution of Geneva, N.Y., becoming the first woman in the U.S. with a medical degree.

Rebecca Lee Crumpler becomes the first black woman to receive an M.D. degree. She graduated from the New England Female Medical College.

1865, November 11
President Johnson signed a bill to present Dr. Mary Edwards with the Congressional Medal of Honor. She is the only woman to ever receive that award. 

Elizabeth Cady Staton was the first woman to run for the U.S. House of Representatives as an independent from New York, even though she didn't have the right to vote.

Arabella Mansfield is granted admission to practice law in Iowa, making her the first woman lawyer. A year later, Ada H. Kepley, of Illinois, graduates from the Union College of Law in Chicago. She is the first woman lawyer to graduate from a law school.

Victoria Claflin Woodhull becomes the first woman presidential candidate in the United States when she is nominated by the National Radical Reformers.

Belva Ann Lockwood becomes the first woman admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court.

Belva Lockwood, first woman admitted to practice law before the U.S. Supreme Court.

Sarah E. Goode, was the first African-American woman to receive a patent for a bed that folds up into a cabinet.

Susanna Medora Salter becomes the first woman elected mayor of an American town, in Argonia, Kansas.

 Alice Guy Blaché, the first American woman film director, shoots the first of her more than 300 films, a short feature called La Fee aux Choux (The Cabbage Fairy).

Juanita Kreps becomes the first woman director of the New York Stock Exchange.  She later becomes the first woman appointed Secretary of Commerce.

Susan La Flesche graduated  from the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania, making her the first Native American woman (Omaha) to receive a medical degree.

Nellie Tayloe Ross, of Wyoming, became the nation's first woman elected governor. She served for two years

1931, December 10
Jane Addams received the Nobel Peace Prize

Patsy Takemoto Mink, of Hawaii, was the first Asian-American woman elected to Congress.

Shirley Chisholm was the first African-American woman in Congress.

Sandra Day O'Connor was the first woman appointed to the Supreme Court.

Sally Ride first woman to go into space during the space shuttle Challenger's STS-7 mission.

Ileana Ros-Lehtinen became the first Hispanic woman elected to Congress

Dr. Antonia Novello is made U.S.  Surgeon General.  She is also the first Hispanic to hold that position.

Carol Moseley Braun is the first African-American woman elected to the U.S. Senate.

Mae Jemison is the first African-American woman astronaut

Janet Reno is the first female Attorney General.

Geraldine Ferraro is the first woman, on a major party ticket, to run for vice president.

Madeline Albright is sworn  in as U.S. Secretary of State.

Lt.Col. Eileen Collins is the first woman astronaut to command a space shuttle mission.

Condoleeza Rice was the first African-American woman Secretary of State

Nancy Pelosi becomes first woman Speaker of the House.

Sources: Rutgers, NASA, infoplease.com, History.com, womensmemorial.org, Nebraskastudies.com, Nobelprize.org, 4comculture.com, Fact Monster,

No comments:

Post a Comment